For Immediate Release

March 23, 2022

Equal Rights Amendment Going Strong At 50 Years

The Equal Rights Amendment, which was 50 years ago approved by the Senate and sent to the states for ratification, received strong support today from leading Constitutional scholars. Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney, chair of the House Oversight and Reform Committee, released today opinion letters from Laurence Tribe, Harvard Law School, Carl M. Loeb, University Professor Emeritus and Russ Feingold, President of the American Constitution Society.

Professor Tribe, after a thorough analysis, summarized by stating: “My conclusion as a constitutional scholar is that the ERA is currently a valid part of the United States Constitution, that Congress should act concurrently to recognize it as such, and that even if Congress takes no such action the Archivist should publish it as the Twenty-Eight Amendment.”

Former Senator Feingold concluded: “It is my opinion that the ERA has met all constitutional requirements and the Archivist can and should certify and publish the ERA as the 28th Amendment to the Constitution without delay.”

Prior to this, Kathleen Sullivan, former Dean of Stanford University Law School and partner of Quinn Emanuel, Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP, Counsel for Amici Curiae Constitutional Law Scholars last month presented an amici brief for some 16 constitutional scholars, including Tribe, in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia in the case of Virginia, Illinois, and Nevada v. David S Ferriero, in his official capacity as Archivist of the U.S., and Alabama, et al. The scholars’ brief concluded: “The Court should reverse the judgment of the district court and recognize the ERA has been validly ratified under Article V as an amendment to the Constitution expanding our equality and enhancing our democracy.” 

Feminist Majority Foundation president Eleanor Smeal, who was in the Gallery of the Senate when it approved the Equal Rights Amendment on March 22, 1972 and has worked for its passage ever since, said on this 50th Anniversary: “There are only two very difficult requirements for ratification of an amendment to the U.S. Constitution. 1) It must be approved by a two-thirds vote of the House and the Senate and then 2) ratified by three-fourths (or now 38) states legislatures. Take it from me who has worked on ratification of the ERA for over 50 years, this is really difficult. Don’t make it impossible.”

Full Text of the Equal Rights Amendment:   

Sec. 1. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on account of sex.

Sec. 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

Sec. 3. The amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification.


The Feminist Majority Foundation (FMF), which was founded in 1987, is a cutting edge organization dedicated to women’s equality, reproductive health, and non-violence. In all spheres, FMF utilizes research and action to empower women economically, socially, and politically.

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