Founding Feminists is FMF’s daily herstory column.

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Halfway! Day Seven of the suffrage hike was very successful in a number of ways, not the least of which was passing the midpoint in the long trek from Newark, New Jersey, to Washington, D.C.

The relatively short 14-mile day began with “General” Rosalie Jones leading her “Army of the Hudson” out of Chester, Pennsylvania, accompanied by tooting whistles, automobile horns, a police escort, at least 1,000 spectators cheering them from the sidewalk, and two local schoolgirls, ages 15 and 16, marching along for the day.

The troops carried with them a gift from Major Stundell, of Lebanon, Pennsylvania. It consisted of a large gift box containing smaller boxes of pretzels for each hiker. It was a timely gift, because a large supply of “army rations” donated by Alva Belmont had been misrouted to General Jones’ home on Long Island.

Even the traditional “incident of the day” was minor, as General Jones tripped over a rock in Pennsylvania and stumbled into Delaware. But no damage was done to the General or the State Line.

When the hikers approached the historic Robinson mansion, once frequented by numerous Revolutionary War figures, they were first met by “Jeff Davis,” a thankfully pro-suffrage bulldog who wore a blanket made of “Votes for Women” pennants. The present residents, a colony of artists, gave the hikers a warm reception.

The hikers, with Elizabeth Freeman at the far left of the picture, Ida Craft second from the left, and Rosalie Jones in the middle of the front row with a hiking staff in her hand.

The hikers, with Elizabeth Freeman at the far left of the picture, Ida Craft second from the left, and Rosalie Jones in the middle of the front row with a hiking staff in her hand.

Next came a luncheon with single-tax advocates, known as “Ardenites.” They want to implement an idea by Henry George (1839-1897), to abolish all other taxes and replace them with a single tax based on the value of land. Female members of the Arden colony have voted on affairs of common interest for ten years. The hikers were greeted by members of the Suffragist Club of Arden. (The name “Arden” derives from the “Forest of Arden” in Shakespeare’s “As You Like It.”)

The entry into Wilmington was wonderfully triumphal, and an appropriate way to celebrate the half-way point of the march. Applauding crowds lined the streets, and three fire companies gave the pilgrims the noisiest greeting of the trip, something especially appreciated by General Jones. The parade through town was followed by a reception at City Hall, where Mayor Howell – who has mixed feelings on the issue of woman suffrage, but great admiration for the hikers – expanded the army’s growing collection of “keys to the city” by presenting them with one from Wilmington.

Later in the evening, the troops gave speeches at an open-air suffrage meeting attended by an estimated 10,000 of the city’s residents, making it the largest rally so far for General Jones and her fellow hikers.

“Colonel” Craft barely managed to make it into town today, due to an ankle injury adding to the problems she already had with sore feet. But she is expected to be able to continue on when the hike resumes. Tomorrow will be the first time since leaving Newark on the 12th that the hikers will spend an entire day in the same place. But they will still be working for the cause by doing speaking engagements in this very supportive city, and a day without hiking should give everyone a chance to give their feet some much-needed rest before starting out on the final half of the journey.

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David Dismore

David became a lifelong admirer of the suffragists after briefly encountering them in a high school textbook in the early 1960s. Though missing out on that first part of the struggle for equality, he became active in "second wave" feminism through LA NOW in 1974 and has been a full-time feminist, TV news archivist, and women's history researcher at the Feminist Majority Foundation since its creation.