Abortion on the Ballot in 2024

Steve Rhodes, Licensed under CC BY-ND 2.0 DEED

In the 2022 election, Michigan, California, and Vermont voters successfully passed abortion protection referendums, while Kansas, Kentucky, and Montana voters rejected anti-abortion ballot measures. This outcome proved to abortion advocates that it is possible to prevent abortion restrictions from spreading across the nation post-Roe. Currently, there are 12 pro-abortion referendums in various stages of the ballot initiative process for the 2024 election. As of now, two referendums have been officially placed on the ballot, one in Maryland and one in New York.

On the 2024 Ballot

The Maryland Right to Reproductive Freedom Amendment would add the fundamental right to reproductive freedom to the Maryland Constitution’s Declaration of Rights. Maryland currently allows abortions in the state but wants to ensure that abortion rights remain unchallenged by placing the right to an abortion firmly in the state’s constitution.

The New York Equal Protection of Law Amendment would amend the already existing Equal Protection Clause. If passed, the amendment would prohibit discrimination based on “ethnicity, national origin, age, [and] disability,” and “sex, including sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, pregnancy, pregnancy outcomes, and reproductive healthcare and autonomy.” The added language in the amendment offers a much-needed clarification. If the amendment is passed, those seeking abortions in the state of New York cannot be criminalized or discriminated against based on their pregnancy outcome. It would protect pregnant people against any adverse government actions, which have been happening all around the country since Roe v. Wade was overturned in 2022.

Qualified for the Ballot

The Florida Right to Abortion Initiative would provide individuals in Florida the constitutional right to an abortion before 24 weeks of pregnancy or when necessary to protect the patient’s health.

Collecting Signatures

Pending official review 

The Arkansas Right to Abortion Initiative would prevent restrictions on abortion within 18 weeks of conception, in cases of rape, incest, or fetal anomalies, and in cases that protect the mother.


The Maine Right to Personal Reproductive Autonomy Amendment has been proposed as an amendment to Maine’s constitution. 

Determined to be “legally insufficient”

The Montana Right to Abortion Initiative would have amended the state constitution to allow individuals to make decisions about their own pregnancy.

Anti-Abortion Referendums

There are also 6 anti-abortion referendums in various stages of the ballot initiative process for the 2024 election.

Cleared for Signature Gathering


Protecting abortion rights through ballot referendums is a key strategy in safeguarding bodily autonomy and reproductive freedom. The outcomes of recent elections, where voters have upheld measures regarding abortion access even in seemingly conservative states, underscore the significance of this issue. Advocating for and restoring abortion rights is not just a matter of policy; it is a fundamental step towards creating a more just and equitable society for all.

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