Amnesty International has reported that Pakistan has recently deported former Kabul University Professor Mohammad Rahim Elham in violation of an agreement between Pakistani government and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees for joint assessment of Afghan refugee claims prior to deportation. Elham’s whereabouts are currently unknown, and human rights activists are alarmed. He was turned over to the Taliban on June 21. Other Afghan intellectuals currently living in Pakistan are fearful for their safety. Amnesty International reports that the Taliban has tortured dozens of intellectuals who have openly advocated ending Afghanistan’s internal “holy war” and establishing a new government that represents and addresses the concerns of all ethnic groups.