Four decades after its introduction, more than 100 million women across the globe take the birth control pill. The preferred contraceptive for women between the ages of 16 and 49 was first introduced in 1960 in the United States but did not become available in the United Kingdom until 1961. Despite research that proves the pill as an agent in countering infertility and decreasing the risk of pelvic disease, the oral contraceptive remains under attack. Pro-life groups argue that the pill is “responsible for a rise in sexually transmitted diseases” that have reached “epidemic proportions” in cities. Many researchers and women’s rights activists praise the pill for it use in deterring unwanted pregnancies, protection from ovarian cancer, and the liberation of women worldwide.