The California state legislature has approved over-the-counter distribution of emergency contraception, also known as the “morning-after” pill. Emergency contraception can prevent pregnancy if taken within 72 hours after sex. Washington is the only other state that does not require a woman to get a prescription in order to purchase the pills. Family planning advocates expect that over-the-counter availability will help prevent unwanted pregnancies by allowing more women to obtain the pills within the 72-hour window. The California legislation requires trained pharmacists to counsel women purchasing emergency contraception. The California Board of Pharmacy will oversee the training. It is estimated that about 750 of the state’s 10-12 thousand pharmacists will receive training within the next year.