Preliminary data collected by the World Health Organization (WHO) found that women worldwide suffer from severe health problems resulting from pervasive violence against women. WHO found that as many as 60 percent of women in rural areas of Peru, Thailand, and Brazil are victims of violence, and in other parts of the world, two in three women experienced violence. The WHO study also documents that this widespread violence also leads to major health problems for women including miscarriage, depression, alcoholism, and infections resulting from sexual assault. Domestic violence, which includes marital rape, was also found to contribute to the spread of HIV/AIDS among women. The findings will be used to encourage governments to create social policies to combat violence against women.