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1993 Clinic Violence Suvey Report



The Feminist Majority conducted a nationwide survey of anti-abortion violence that occurred during the first seven months of 1993. In August of 1993, surveys were mailed to 966 clinics in the United States. Follow-up calls were made to these clinics, and, in some cases, survey responses were obtained by phone. Surveys were completed by 281 clinics, producing a response rate of 29.1%. This survey represents one of the most comprehensive studies ever conducted of anti-abortion violence directed at clinics, patients, and health care workers.

The sample of 281 clinics includes facilities in 42 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. (See Appendix for list of number of clinics per state.) The percentage of clinic practice devoted to abortion in these clinics ranges from under 5% to over 75%. Many of these clinics provide a wide range of gynecological and other health care services in addition to abortion.

Clinics responding to the survey were assured that their individual responses would remain confidential. Clinics are identified by name or state only if the incidents and consequences of the violence are a matter of public record or if the Feminist Majority was given permission to include the details of the incident in this report.


Of the clinics participating in the survey, 50.2% experienced severe anti-abortion violence in the first seven months of 1993. These violent acts included death threats, stamng, chemical attacks, arson, bomb threats, invasions, and blockades.

The violence has been extremely detrimental to the lives of health care workers and to the provision of health care services. Death threats and stawng have caused health care workers and patients to fear for their safety and their lives on a daily basis. The work of many clinics - which often includes low-cost prenatal care, birth control, infertility, and adoption as well as abortion services - has been disrupted regularly by blockades, chemical attacks and invasions. In some cases, anti-abortion violence has damaged clinic facilities or driven away clinic staff, forcing clinics to reduce their patient load and the wide range of services they provide. Other clinics have had to cease operation altogether after their facilities were destroyed by fire or bombings, leaving thousands of women without adequate health care services.

Anti-abortion violence has created a health care crisis that demands immediate federal intervention.